Call Today

+1 888-812-8687


Why Is Rainbow Mountain in Peru Colorful

Sep 8, 2022 | Ausangate Trek | 0 comments

Colorful Rainbow Mountain Peru Travel article, By Tour Leaders Peru, will explain Why Is Rainbow Mountain in Peru is Colorful?, where is located, and its Elevation, please continue reading Thing to Know Before visiting Rainbow Mountain in Peru

When everyone is traveling through the Cordillera of the Andes mainly in Peru Country. Near the south of Cusco, travelers enter through varied landscapes with great energy attracted by the mountains.

From the southern valley of Cusco to the heights of Cusipata village. The paths that run are mountain ranges and different villages. Behind the snow cape of Ausangate is one of the most beautiful known since 2015 as the rainbow mountain. One of the most photographed by tourists from different parts of the world.

Also, Read

  1. Rainbow Mountain of China And Peru is NEW!

Rainbow Mountain Tours In Peru

Rainbow Mountain Cusco

Rainbow Mountain Tour 1 Days

Rainbow Mountain Hiking

Ausangate Rainbow MountainTour 4 Days

The Question on Everyone’s Mind: Why is Rainbow Mountain in Peru So Colorful?

There are a few reasons why Mountain Rainbow in Peru is so colorful. First, the mountain is made up of different minerals that each have a different color. For example, there is red clay, green carbonate, and white quartz. When these minerals are combined, they create the colorful effect that we see.

Another reason for the mountain’s color is that it is located near a desert. The desert climate helps to intensify the colors of the minerals.

Lastly, the time of day also affects how colorful Rainbow Mountain appears. The mountain is usually most vibrant early in the morning or late in the afternoon when the sun is at a low angle.

All of these factors come together to create the beautiful and unique colors of Rainbow Mountain in Peru.

Red Valley Cusco Peru
Vinicunca’s Original name or this colored strata mountain

Rainbow Mountain Location

Vinicunca is the Local name or Cerro de Colorado in Spanish. are a mountain chain that borders the red valley and the Cusipata valley, a Quechua village located 10 km from the city of Cusco.

This hill is named for its peculiar rainbow colors that are reflected very early, with the first rays of the sun, and that is appreciated in the great pictures mountain of Vinicunca and that varies from shades of orange, gray, red oxide to violet. This natural rainbow is the product of a complex geological history that includes marine, lake, and river sediments raised by tectonic movements.

Morphology and How Did Rainbow Mountain Get Its Colors?

It has large geomorphological units and materials from continental and marine environments ranging from the Precambrian (more than 600 million years ago) to the most recent deposits of the Quaternary.

Earthy brown color: fanglomerate composed of rock with manganese belonging to the Quaternary. Age: 1 to 2 million years.
Red color: composed of clays (iron) and clays belonging to the upper Tertiary. Age: 3 to 4 million years.
Green color: composed of Filitas substance, copper oxide slates. Age: 600 million years.
Pink color: composed of red clay, Fangolitas Substance (mud), and Airlines Substance (sand). Estimated age: 3 to 4 million years.

White color: limestone or limestone, white quality. Age: 400 million years.
Brown, brown and purple colors: Composed of lead and burning marshes, rich in calcium carbonate. Age: 80 to 90 million years.
Mustard yellow color: limestone with sulfur. Age: 80 to 90 million years

Colorful Rainbow Mountain

Rainbow Mountain Tours and Distance

From Cusco, there are Rainbow mountain tours every day, which is a circuit that takes about one day. The walking distance from the beginning of the hike until the top including the Red Valley is about a 6-hour walk. To appreciate in all its splendor the seven colors mountain You’ll have to arrive early and wait for the first rays of the sun reflected in the multicolored Andean mountain range, from the Cusipata village.


Challenge yourself and get a great payoff on this 16-hour day trip to Rainbow Mountain (Vinicunca Mountain) from Cusco.
This little-known spot in Peru is not only a must-see because of its naturally colorful mountains, but it’s the perfect location to take trip pics.
Go on an exciting 3- to 4-hour hike to make your way to where the mountains are.
Plus, enjoy breakfast, snacks, lunch, and round-trip transport on this trip.

A 16-hour day trip to Rainbow Mountain (Vinicunca Mountain) from Cusco Small-group tour limited to 8 people ensures a personalized experience with your guide.
Go on a 3- to 4-hour hike until you reach 16,500 feet (5029 meters) above sea level Spend time admiring the beautiful mountains, well known for their colorfully lined landscape.
Enjoy breakfast, snacks, and lunch.
On this day trip, Cusco hotel pickup and drop-off are included

Read more about Full-Day Tour to The Rainbow Mountain from Cusco 2020


In conclusion, Rainbow Mountain in Peru is so colorful because of the different minerals that make up the mountain, the desert climate that intensifies the colors, and the time of day. All of these factors come together to create the beautiful and unique colors of Rainbow Mountain in Peru.


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Cesar Conde

Cesar Conde

Position: Tour Leaders & Digital Creator

I’m Cesar Conde, owner of Tour Leaders Peru & Travel Advisor and my other side job is Nomadic Digital. I share my own amazing Tour Experiences, travel stories, guides, and itineraries for travelers like you and me!


This post contains select links to products from our sponsors. When you click on these links, we may earn a commission. For more information about our Advertising Policy, please visit this page..

Related Post

Training Tips to Prepare for Hiking the Inca Trail Hike in Peru 

Training Tips to Prepare for Hiking the Inca Trail Hike in Peru 

Prepare Physically for Hiking the Inca Trail Hike for the World’s Most Awe-Inspiring Hikes in Peru read our training tips If you are planning on hiking the Inca Trail, it is important to prepare physically in order to make sure your experience is enjoyable and...

How To Hike The Sun Gate From Machu Picchu Peru

How To Hike The Sun Gate From Machu Picchu Peru

The Sun Gate in Peru is located in Cusco. Machu Picchu is an iconic piece of Incan architecture and a true testament to the engineering skills of this ancient civilization. This site provides visitors with a stunning view over the valley below and serves as the entry...

Machu Picchu Packing List

Machu Picchu Packing List

Tips for Planning a Packing List for Machu Picchu. It can be difficult to decide what to pack for the Machu Picchu trip due to the rapidly changing weather conditions. Even choosing the appropriate clothing to wear can be a daunting task. However, the bigger challenge...

Ausangate Trek Guide To Rainbow Mountain

Ausangate Trek Guide To Rainbow Mountain

Ausangate To Rainbow Mountain Trek Comprehensive Hiking Guide in Cusco Peru. The Ausangate Treks is a high-altitude 70km hike in the Peruvian mountains near Cusco with an average altitude of over 4000m. Unlike most other hikes in the region. Ausangate is not about...

Peru Travel Guide

Peru Travel Guide

Peru Tavel Guide Discover hidden Places in this wonderful Inca country: The Ultimate Travel guide Itinerary is the perfect resource for planning an unforgettable Peru adventure in this vibrant and stunning South American country. From its impressive archaeological...